Mengajarkan Anak Cara Memakai Masker | Jennifer Khumarga, M.S., BCBA from Enreach Behavioral Services| Kinderkloud

Mengajarkan Anak Cara Memakai Masker

photo by tima miroshnichenko from pexels

Dengan masih berlangsungnya pandemic COVID-19 di seluruh dunia, Kementrian Kesehatan menghimbau publik untuk mengikuti protokol kesehatan, seperti memakai masker, mencuci tangan, menjaga jarak, vaksinasi, menghindari kerumumanan, dan membatasi mobilitas. Sudah ada banyak bukti yang menunjukkan bahwa pemakaian masker mengurangi penyebaran COVID-19. Penggunaan masker juga menjadi wajib saat pergi ke tempat- tempat umum. Namun, terkadang sulit untuk membuat anak- anak bekerja sama dengan mengenakan masker.

Berikut adalah beberapa tips cara mengajari anak Anda cara memakai masker:

  1. Memilih masker yang cocok untuk anak Anda
    • Beberapa anak sensitif terhadap bahan masker tertentu. Memilih bahan masker atau tipe loop (earloop vs. headloop) sangatlah penting. Langkah ini membutuhkan trial dan error untuk melihat masker mana yang membuat anak Anda sukses.
  2. Tentukan garis dasar
    • Tentukan kemampuan anak saat ini. Ini penting untuk menentukan di mana Anda harus mulai mengajar. Beberapa pertanyaan yang perlu dipertimbangkan adalah: dapatkah anak Anda memakai masker tetapi hanya sebentar, atau tidak sama sekali? Berapa lama mereka bisa memakainya? Apakah mereka tampah terganggu oleh masker atau loop?
  3. Mengajar
    • Mulailah mengajar sesuai kemampuan anak Anda saat ini, dan perlahan tingkatkan kriterianya. Misalnya, jika anak Anda hanya dapat memakai masker selama 3 menit setiap kalinya, mulailah dengan kriteria 3 menit dan perlahan- lahan tingkatkan durasinya (misalnya, naikkan satu menit per langkah). Selama setiap sesi pengajaran, Anda dapat meminta anak Anda melakukan sesuati yang menyenangkan (misalnya, bermain permainan, membaca buku, menonton video). Namun, jika anak Anda sama sekali tidak toleran memakai masker, Anda bisa mulai membiasakan anak dengan masker. Hal ini bisa membuat mereka menyentuh masker, menggosok masker di lengan bawah, dan kemudian perlahan- lahan naik ke lengan atas, leher, dagu, dan akhirnya pipi. Durasi untuk setiap langkah dapat bervariasi tergantung pada anak Anda. Sebaiknya sesi pengajaran singkat tetapi konsisten (misalnya, 5-10 menit, 3 kali sehari). Selain itu, penting juga untuk tidak menaikkan kriteria terlalu cepat. Pastikan anak sudah menguasai langkah itu selama beberapa sesi sebelum meningkatkan kriteria. Jika anak Anda tidak mentolerir masker earloop, Anda dapat mencoba meminta mereka mengenakan masker headloop.
  4. Reinforcement
    • Provide reward after each successful teaching session. For example, if the goal for the session is to wear a mask for 3 minutes, provide a reward after the child tolerates wearing a mask for 3 minutes. Withhold reward if the child does not meet the criteria.
  5. Pretend play
    • You may also teach wearing a mask during play. During pretend play, the child may pretend to be a vet/ doctor, which requires them to wear a mask. You may also have the child put a mask on their doll or have everyone playing with them wear a mask.
    • Berikan reward setepal seteiap sesi pengajaran yang berhasil. Misalnya, jika tujuan sesi adalah memakai masker selama 3 menit, berikan reward setelah anak menoleransi pemakaian masker selama 3 menit. Juga, tidak memberikan reward jika anak tidak memenuhi kriteria.
  6. Gunakan aturan dan gambar
    • Tergantung pada usia anak Anda, Anda dapat menggunakan gambar atau cerita untuk membantu anak Anda memahami pentingnya memakai masker. 

Jennifer E. Khumarga, M.S., BCBA

Enreach Behavioral Services

COVID-19, masker, applied behavior analysis, ABA

Children 4 Years - 6 Years / 4 Tahun - 6 Tahun / General Health / Kesehatan Umum / Health / Kesehatan / Mengajarkan Anak Cara Memakai Masker

Comments

Add Comment
photo of birthday tale book cover kinderkloud
Birthday Tale
Kinderkloud
Personalized book symbolizing that each child is special, wished for, longed for and play for and all the nature celebrate them together. Children will be introduced to various animals in their natural habitats along the journey.
photo of dream high book cover kinderkloud
Dream High
Kinderkloud
Personalized book to help Children imagine the professions in the future through their lens and encourage the little dreamers to explore and pursue their passion because the future is in their hands.
photo of prayer warrior book cover kinderkloud
Prayer Warrior
Kinderkloud
Personalized book to explain and the concept and importance of prayers to children and continuously remind our future generations to be mindful and thankful even for the smallest things in life. A guide book for our little prayer warriors to pray every day, everywhere and in every way.
photo of 5 colorful balloons book cover kinderkloud
5 Colorful Balloons
Blubridge Center
Balonku ada 5.. Rupa Rupa Warnanya..
Taking this classic to another level by combining this seemingly simple songs with Plutchick's Wheel of Emotions to introduce children to understand and express their feelings positively with introduction to Manners and Values in every step of the way for everyday life.
photo of starry starry paradise book cover kinderkloud
Starry Starry Paradise
Kinderkloud x Marianne Rumantir
Are you team mountain or team beach?
Personalized book to trigger the imagination and curiosity to discover the wonders of our wonderful Indonesia. The food, music, fashion, language, landscape and the culture. They all never fail to amaze us. What better legacy can we pass on for Indonesia than by instilling nationalism to the future generation of this part of the planet called heaven on earth.
photo of journey to the top book cover kinderkloud
Journey to the Top
Kinderkloud x Marianne Rumantir
Are you team mountain or team beach?
Personalized book to trigger the imagination and curiosity to discover the wonders of our wonderful Indonesia. The food, music, fashion, language, landscape and the culture. They all never fail to amaze us. What better legacy can we pass on for Indonesia than by instilling nationalism to the future generation of this part of the planet called heaven on earth.
photo of cerita di festival ceria book cover kinderkloud
Cerita di Festival Ceria
Kinderkloud | Parentalk | Good Enough Parents
Tidak ada dua yang sama persis, setiap anak memiliki kegemaran, keunikan, dan karakterisitik yang spesial termasuk Kakak dan Adik. Ikuti perjalanan mereka dalam sebuah kisah akhir pekan yang berkesan di Festival in the Jungle untuk mengeksplorasi dan mengenal diri mereka masing-masing lebih dalam lagi.
photo of preparing for a sibling book cover kinderkloud
Preparing for a Sibling
Regina F. Amal
A heartwarming story where child learns what it means to become a bigger sibling. Featuring both children, in one delightful story! Meanwhile, parents are assuring that each child will always be loved just the same. There will always be enough love for everyone.
photo of being a good sport book cover kinderkloud
Being a Good Sport
Sigi Wimala
In the heart of this whimsical THE GREAT FOREST GAME, your loved ones discovers the true essence of sportsmanship: the cherished value of friendship that outshines any victory. Experience the joy of camaraderies and empathy as your loved ones embraces the spirit of being a good sport, leaving a lasting impression on young hearts.
photo of birthday wishlist book cover kinderkloud
Birthday Wishlist
Kinderkloud x Mama Ani
This year, on a memorable birthday occasion, a caring Mom considered sharing the importance of delayed gratification. Join your loved one in crafting a birthday wishlist and discovering the Power of Patience to make each birthday genuinely extraordinary.
photo of christmas wishlist book cover kinderkloud
Christmas Wishlist
Kinderkloud x Mama Ani
This year, on a memorable christmas occasion, a caring Mom considered sharing the importance of delayed gratification. Join your loved one in crafting a christmas wishlist and discovering the Power of Patience to make each christmas genuinely extraordinary.